Speech to Inform (Importance of Proper Fire Extinguishing)
April 13, 2014
Audience and Occasion Analysis:
SPECIFIC GOAL: My audience will learn the different categories of fires and what extinguisher to use and why.
SPEAKER ETHOS: I am qualified to speak on this topic because I am a 10 year Navy Veteran who specialized in firefighting.
PATTERN OF ORGANIZATION: I’ve chosen the chronological pattern of organization because I’m explaining the categories of fire and the types of and steps to using extinguishers.
AUDIENCE ANALYSIS: I will present it as a tool to putting out fires and saving lives. Unless they have gone through firefighting training, this information will be new and extremely valuable.
OCCASION ANALYSIS: My speech will take place in an automotive shop. We have combustibles stored in our shop, vehicles run on fuel and gasoline. Torches use oxyacetylene, oxygen and propane. All of these are potentially dangerous and highly flammable/explosive.
A. Hook: When I was a kid, I remember a story of a schoolmate’s mother cooking over the stove and a grease fire erupted. Her actions that followed were detrimental to her burn injuries and the house catching fire. Had she known about Class B fires, she would have thrown a smothering agent i.e., baking soda, or a pan lid over the fire. However, her instinct was to throw water on it because she didn’t know any better.
B. I was in the Navy for 10 years. It was my job to keep the ship afloat. That being said, it was up to me and my guys to learn about firefighting and the methods used to combat, control and contain the spread of fire. My job was also to train the crew to do the same.
C. Thesis: I’m here to explain how important it is to know the different classification of fires and the proper methods to safely extinguish a fire or to at least keep it contained until emergency responders can arrive.
D. Preview: Outline your main points here in very brief form.
First, … Safety is important for everyone, which is what brings me here today.
Second, … There are four classifications of fire.
Third, … There’s a method to extinguishing fire effectively and safely.
- Potential fire hazards are everywhere.
- Fire hazards in and around the home.
- hairspray products
- a grill in the backyard
- matches in the cupboard
- a car in the garage
- hot water heater
- gas can
- aerosol cans
2. Fires kill and injure people every day.
a. cooking fires
b. smoking in bed
c. children playing with matches
3. Proper training can reduce fire related incidences.
a. know the classifications of fire
b. know which extinguisher to use on the fire
c. know how to properly use the extinguisher
Reader’s digest lists children playing with fire, careless smoking, flammable liquids, and barbeque carelessness in the top 10 causes of house fires, http://www.readersdigest.ca/home-garden/cleaning/top-10-causes-house-fires
Because of these potential fire hazards, it is important to know the classification of fires to save your property, your life, and others.
B. There are four classifications of fire.
1. There are different methods of extinguishing each class of fire.
a.Class A- fires that leave an ash, i.e., burning towels, burning match, paper, wood.
b. Class B- fires that are petroleum based, i.e., hair spray and gels containing alcohol, gasoline and oils, candles, propane.
c. Class C- electrical fires, i.e., frayed wires, overloaded circuits, overloaded outlets, toaster, hair dryer, electric oven, space heater.
d. Class D- burning metals, i.e., magnesium, titanium, potassium, sodium.
Because each fire is unique, it has a specific method of extinguishment.
- Knowing the correct method of extinguishing a fire could save your life.
- Class A fires
- Water extinguishers
- AFFF (Water with foam) extinguishers
- CO2 extinguishers
- Class B fires
a. CO2 extinguisher
b. PKP (dry chemical) extinguisher
c. AFFF (water with foam) extinguisher
3. Class C Fires
a. CO2 extinguisher
b. Shut off electrical source, i.e., hair dryer, unplug, toaster, unplug, Christmas lights, unplug, turn off electrical breaker
4. Class D Fires
b. Dry chemicals specific to the material burning (hard to find and expensive)
III. CONCLUSION: I hope that with what I have shared with you today will have given you the knowledge to prevent fires before they happen and the confidence to combat, contain and extinguish the fires that unfortunately do happen. Now you know that the Navy teaches valuable skills. It’s up to you to put this valuable information to good use. Hopefully you will share this with everyone you know.
US Navy Training